What Are N.Korea's Nuclear Facilities?

  • By Yu Yong-weon

    May 05, 2018 08:09

    North Korea is believed to have at least 15 nuclear facilities which can be classified into two atomic reactors and three nuclear power plants concentrated in Yongbyon, North Pyongan Province.

    At the top of the list are a 5MW reactor, reprocessing and uranium enrichment facilities, and manufacturing plants for nuclear fuel rods.

    There is also a new experimental light-water reactor in the Yongbyon nuclear facility that was recently spotted by a satellite. There some 390 buildings in the Yongbyon complex alone.

    North Korea is believed to have succeeded in extracting 40 to 50 kg of plutonium and enriched more than 600 to 700 kg of uranium.

    There are thought to be some 2,000 centrifuges enriching uranium in Yongbyon and elsewhere. North Korea is believed to have extracted enough plutonium and enriched enough uranium to make 30 to 40 nuclear weapons that rival the 15 kiloton atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima in 1945.

    One kiloton has the impact of 1,000 tons of dynamite.

    The North has around 1,000 short-range and intercontinental ballistic missiles with a maximum range of over 5,500 km. Around a dozen are Hwasong-12 mid-range missiles that can reach the U.S. territory of Guam in the Pacific Ocean and Hwasong-14 and 15 ICBMs that can hit the U.S. mainland.

    North Korea also has around 600 Scud missiles with a range of 300-500 km that can hit South Korea and around 200 Rodong missiles with a range of 1,300 km. They have been deployed at nine military bases from the frontlines to the rear areas.

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