June 08, 2018 12:24
Women who smoke or are underweight can experience menopause early, increasing the risk of associated complications like osteoporosis, a study suggests.
The Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention analyzed data of 12,761 women who experienced menopause from 2001 to 2014 and found that the average age was 49.3.
If menopause starts before 45 it is considered early-onset, and 11.8 percent fell into that category. But the average age rises by 0.73 years every five years.
Women who smoked, were underweight or had no children tended to experience menopause early. Smokers tended to experience menopause 0.55 year earlier than non-smokers, and those who had no children 1.59 years sooner.
Women with a body mass index of less than 18.5 had a 1.61 times higher chance of experiencing menopause early than women with a BMI of between 18.5 to 23.
Smoking and being underweight both suppress the secretion of the female hormone estrogen.
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