May 22, 2014 12:00
Prosecutors and the National Tax Service are seizing the assets of Yoo Byung-eon, the de facto owner of ferry operator Chonghaejin Marine, because of the estimated astronomical cost of compensating the victims and financing the search for missing passengers.
More than W600 billion is expected to be spent to compensate the family of the victims and to cover other expenses related to the tragedy that left 302 people dead or missing (US$1=W1,027). But a substantial portion of the cost will have to come from the taxpayer.
Each victim is entitled to up to W350 million in insurance payments from the Korea Shipping Association. Passengers can claim another W100 million each from individual travel insurance. But the passengers may not be able to claim the full insurance payments should the crew of the Sewol ferry be found guilty of serious offences.
The crew and owner of the ferry are responsible for compensating the victims, but it is difficult to determine how much money the Yoo family has. Yoo is an undischarged bankrupt with no assets to his own name but has pledged what he claims is his entire actual estate of just W10 billion.
Chonghaejin Marine is teetering on the brink of bankruptcy. The cost of property damage from lost cargo aboard the Sewol is estimated at around W200 billion, while the rescue and search operations are expected to add another W200 billion to the bill.
The government intends to use taxpayers' money to cover expenses first and then sue Chonghaejin Marine and the Yoo family to recover as much as possible.
After the Sampoong Department Store collapse back in 1995, the government and Seoul city government decided to pay W375.8 billion to the 1,440 victims of the disaster, including 502 people who were killed. Sampoong Department Store sold off its assets and raised W148.4 billion, while the government and Seoul city government covered the rest.
At present, the Yoo family's assets are estimated at around W200 billion, including W130 billion prosecutors believe were funneled overseas. But it depends on prosecutors and the NTS just how much of the money they can seize.
A prosecution spokesman said, "We have no choice but to seize as much of the Yoo family's assets as possible to uphold justice and minimize the burden on taxpayers."
* Pursuant to an order by the Press Arbitration Commission, we have been asked to publish the following statement from the Evangelical Baptist Church (EBC).
After the April 16, 2014 Sewol ferry tragedy, the media published a flood of indiscriminate articles regarding the EBC (also known as "Guwonpa" in Korean) and Mr. Yoo Byung-eun. Due to the immense volume of articles, it is impossible to correct and counter every single one. Therefore, in agreement with the EBC and the surviving family of Mr. Yoo Byung-eun, we are publishing the following combined corrections and Official Statement.
1. In regards to the claims that Mr. Yoo Byung-eun was the owner of the Sewol ferry vessel and the owner and Chief Executive Officer of Chonghaejin Marine Ltd ("Chonghaejin") and its affiliated companies
The majority of the media reported that, as the owner of the Sewol ferry, Mr. Yoo Byung-eun directly managed Chonghaejin and its affiliated companies and that he used operating funds for personal purposes. However, Mr. Yoo retired from the executive board in 1997. Additionally, he did not own any shares in the noted companies, nor had he managed operations, nor used the operating funds for personal reasons. He was not the ship owner of Sewol ferry, nor the Chief Executive Officer of Chonghaejin. As such, he had not provided any directives in regards to the overloading of Sewol ferry or renovation of the ferry (e.g. expansion of the cabins and cargo area).
2. In regards to the allegations of Mr. Yoo Byung-eun's acquisition of assets in other people's names and misappropriation of offerings made to the EBC
The majority of the media reported that Mr. Yoo Byung-eun was a wealthy billionaire who owned real estate properties, including Geumsuwon, both in Korea and abroad under other people's names and that he diverted the tithes and offerings made to the EBC to an illicit fund and expanded his businesses. The EBC has confirmed that reports of his wealth incorrectly included real estate properties owned by farming associations, which had been established by church members. Thus, these reported properties were not held by Mr. Yoo Byung-eun in another person's name, but are owned by the noted farming associations. Additionally, Mr. Yoo did not embezzle from the EBC nor did he expand his businesses by diverting tithes or offerings of the pertaining church and its members into an illicit fund.
3. In regards to the reports related to Mr. Yoo Byung-eun’s position within the EBC
The EBC has stated that Mr. Yoo Byung-eun was not a religious sect leader. Although he was ordained as a pastor in the 1970s by missionaries at the Far East Broadcasting Company, he did not act as a pastor. There is no pastor in the EBC, since it is a congregation of laymen. It was also verified that Mr. Yoo Byung-eun did not participate in the process when the EBC was established in 1981, nor had he been revered as a religious sect leader or been made into a God-like figure by the pertaining church or its members.
4. In regards to reports that the EBC is a cult and that it has false doctrines
The majority of the media reported that the EBC is a religious cult and that it preaches doctrines that are not consistent with Christianity. There are certain churches in Korea that call the EBC a cult, solely based on differences between their and the EBC's doctrines. However, the EBC has affirmed its belief in the Bible, the Trinity, and in Jesus' conception by the Holy Spirit, His birth, death, and resurrection. The EBC does not worship a particular individual as a religious sect leader or preach any doctrine that contradicts the Bible.
5. In regards to reports of Mr. Yoo Byung-eun's attempt to flee the country by ship, reports of his seeking asylum and reports of his possession of firearms
The majority of the media reported that Mr. Yoo Byung-eun attempted to flee the country by ship, that he requested asylum in several countries but was rejected, and that he possessed firearms to protect himself. The prosecutors hastily announced without confirming the facts that Mr. Yoo Byung-eun attempted to seek asylum. However, two months later on August 18, the prosecutors revised their statement noting that "upon investigation into the identity of the caller, a person with no relation to the Salvation Group had placed a prank call." In addition, there was no evidence of any attempt by Mr. Yoo to flee the country. It has also been confirmed that the firearms alleged to be in his possession were collectibles. Furthermore, not only were they collectibles that could not actually be used, they were also not in Mr. Yoo’s possession while he was fleeing.
6. In regards to reports alleging that Mr. Yoo Byung-eun held photography exhibitions at the world's top museums by donating funds and that he forced sales of his artworks
The artwork of Ahae (Mr. Yoo Byung-eun) were examined and authorized for exhibitions at renowned museums and exhibition sites in the United States and Europe by their screening committees. The exhibitions were unrelated to donations, and it was confirmed that there was no causal relationship between Ahae's donation history and the exhibitions. Moreover, Mr. Yoo's photography exhibitions were authorized by the committees after the directors of the respective museums had acknowledged the artistic value of Ahae's works and subsequently proposed hosting the exhibitions. It has been confirmed that the exhibitions were not a result of Mr. Yoo's patronage or donation. Additionally, the above museums have verified that an exhibition can never be authorized unless the artistic value of an artist's works is recognized by the screening committee, irrespective of the amount of money an artist donates. Additionally, it has been confirmed that Mr. Yoo did not force sales of his artworks.
7. In regards to reports on allegations about the EBC’s and Mr. Yoo Byung-eun's links to the Odaeyang incident and their relationship with the Fifth Republic of Korea
Some news articles delivered the impression that the EBC and Mr. Yoo Byung-eun were behind the Odaeyang mass suicide incident. Some also reported that Mr. Yoo Byung-eun had been able to rapidly grow the Semo Group in the 1980s (e.g. securing the business rights to operate the Han River Ferry Cruise) by using a connection with Mr. Chun Kyung-hwan and a close relationship with the former President Chun Doo-hwan's Fifth Republic of Korea. However, the Odaeyang mass suicide incident was thoroughly investigated by the prosecution and the police three times -- in 1987, 1989, and 1991. All three investigations concluded that the EBC and Mr. Yoo Byung-eun had no connection to the incident. Also, neither Mr. Yoo Byung-eun nor the EBC had any collusive ties with the Fifth Republic of Korea. This was all verified in the official document of the Incheon District Prosecutors' Office, issued on May 21, 2014.
Lastly, the Evangelical Baptist Church has released the following statement to the media:
We sincerely request of the press to serve the public's right to know with objective and balanced reports, guarding against biased arguments from its interviewees, all while ensuring to fulfill its duty and responsibility to create no victim from such reporting. We ask the press to reflect upon its manner of reporting on the Sewol ferry accident. Without waiting for the truth to be revealed through the completion of the investigative and judicial process, the reporting largely focused on releasing exclusive and sensational news reports, which led to misleading the public and essentially a trial in the court of public opinion. We also ask the press to avoid causing any compromise to the democratic principles of a constitutional state and to prudently take strict precautions against those forces that aim to take advantage of this period of heartbreak for this nation in order to advance their own position and authority.
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