Stephen Bosworth, a former U.S. special envoy to North Korea, on Tuesday accused Pyongyang of thinking the international community is obliged to aid the impoverished regime.
There is a clear tendency by North Korea to consider the whole world its own ATM, Bosworth told reporters on the sidelines of a forum in Seoul sponsored by the Korea Foundation. What North Korea wants right now is to preserve its regime and the flow of aid from other countries, he added.
Turning the South Korea-U.S. alliance, Bosworth said if the U.S. has been in the driver's seat until now, it is time for South Korea to take the wheel. South Korea must make the key decisions about what is to be done in the North Korean nuclear issue.
"I don't think it is feasible or appropriate or useful to try to increase deterrence or decrease deterrence depending upon the general state of affairs in the short term," he said in a lecture. "I think the most important element of deterrence is fundamental solidarity of purpose between the U.S. and South Korea. And that you can't turn on and off. If we are confident about deterrence... our political leaders will have a little bit more flexibility to think about engagement."