October 08, 2010 10:11
Twenty two countries including North Korea suffer from "protracted food crisis" leaving some 166 million people in chronic starvation, according to a report released Wednesday by the UN Food and Agricultural Organization and the World Food Programme.
"This unacceptably high degree of hunger results from many factors, including armed conflict and natural disasters, often in combination with weak governance or public administration, scarce resources, unsustainable livelihoods systems and breakdown of local institutions," the report said. "Faced with so many obstacles, it is little wonder that protracted crises can become a self-perpetuating vicious cycle."
Chronic starvation and malnutrition are considered to occur when people are unable to consume an average of at least 1,800 calories per day.
The report said, "While humanitarian emergencies clearly require rapid assessments of needs, protracted crises require analysis that is both broader and deeper," as well as long-term solutions, including efforts to make such countries more self-sufficient in food supply.
The other 21 countries on the list are Afghanistan, Angola, Burundi, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Ivory Coast, Democratic Republic of Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Guinea, Haiti, Iraq, Kenya, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Tajikistan, Uganda and Zimbabwe.
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