IQ Map Sparks Controversy

    January 23, 2007 10:33

    A British professor has released a map which plots out his dubious claims that some races are naturally smarter than others. The so-called "IQ Map of the World" created by professor Richard Lynn of Ulster University shows the varying intelligence levels of races around the world according to his controversial research.

    In his 2006 book "Race Differences in Intelligence: An Evolutionary Analysis", Lynn divided the world into 10 zones and analyzed their average IQs. His results found that East Asians (Chinese, Japanese and Koreans) have the highest mean IQ at 105. These are followed by the Europeans (99). Below these are the Inuit (91), South East Asians and native American Indians (87), Pacific Islanders (85), South Asians and North Africans (84). Well below these come the sub-Saharan Africans (67) followed by the Australian Aborigines (62). The least intelligent races, Lynn claims, are the Bushmen of the Kalahari desert together with the Pygmies of the Congo rain forests (54).

    The scholar has published several books on race differences and sex differences in intelligence. He says his latest work is based on extensive data including 620 kinds of test results published all over the world. That data, Lynn claims, shows that race and average winter temperature are related to IQ, meaning races which must deal with cold winters have developed higher intelligence for survival.

    However the relations between average winter temperature and intelligence are not linear. The average winter temperature in East Asia is minus 7 degrees Celsius, an optimal condition for high IQ. But in the Arctic where the mean temperature is minus 15 degrees, conditions are too cold -- thus the lower average IQ of the Inuit.

    Like much research regarding race and intelligence, Lynn's work has been controversial. When taken as national averages, the data available, particularly regarding the developing world, is speculative because samples and tests are limited and sometimes poorly regarded. Lynn has also been accused of racial prejudice. His financial supporter Pioneer Fund and his publisher Washington Summit have been called anti-Semitic. Lynn also came under fire in 2005 when he claimed that men have a mean IQ five points higher than that of women.

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